Beginning with making wine at home can be confusing. Here we try to explain some of the terms and words you will run into when you get started.
There are some term that we use in wine making at home that need some explanation.
This is a natural product in wine, but can give a wine a vinegary taste if there is too much.
Looks a little like clay and is used to pull the proteins from you must and clear it faster.
Helps breaking down the cells of the fruit and releasing the flavors. Also helps clearing the wine.
Stops the wine from fermenting again by stabilizing it.
Organism used in wine making to ferment the fruits.
What do we need now to get started with making wine at home?
First there is a little explanation about the process of wine making.
There are a few steps in the wine making process that have to be followed, and some equipment we have to use.
Equipment you need and will come in your wine making kit
- Primary fermenter
- Secondary fermenter
- Air lock
- Rubber bung
- Long handles spoon
- Siphon hose
- Hydro meter and test jar
- Acid test kit
- Bottles and corks
Steps to take for home made wine
- Create the “must”
- Cork and label
- Drink and share it
Create the must
- Add about 4 inches water to the fermenter and stir the water while adding the Bentonite to it.
- Pour the fruit juice you bought or ordered and all the residue in the package.
- Add more water till you have 6 gallon and keep stiring.
- Heat up the “must” between 65 and 75 degr. Fahrenheit.
- Read the gravity and make sure it is 1080 or higher. If it is below keep stirring and take another reading.
- Sprinkle the yeast in there and place the airlock
- Keep the must between 70 and 80 degrees and check this with a thermometer.
Now the must will start to ferment and this can make some funny noises.
Most fermenting will take about two weeks and you should check the gravity ever couple of days.
The gravity should be down to 1000 or lower. 990 is perfect.
Racking is clearing the wine and ending the fermenting.
By adding potassium metabisulfite and potassium sorbate (these come with the package)
The color will be preserved and give it a smooth flavor.
Second racking after two weeks.
The wine should be clear now and ready to be racked into another container (carboy) without the sediment.
In another 2 weeks the wine should be crystal clear. Now we are almost done.
Now the part of bottling our wine starts
Sterilize your bottles and use some metabilufite solution that you used for the sanitizing in the first part.
Sanitize all you bottle with some of this solution.
Fill the bottles about an inch from the top and put the cork on it.
You will understand that this is just a short and far from complete description of the wine making process. When you buy a wine making starter kit it comes with everything you need including a full manual.
Just make sure to order from a store with a good reputation. My advice is to buy online to save on gas and sale tax. There are many stores, but we have some recommendations in the side bar of this post or just click on the link here.
Wine Making Regulations
Although I am not a lawyer and can not give any legal advice, to the best of my knowledge you can not sell any of your wine. You can however give it away. But there is a change that your friends will ask you for more.
I hope that this little article helped out in your search for the best home wine making kits.
You can also download our free How to make wine PDF here.
Come back here and let me know how the results are.
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